October 25, 2017
A 360 degree panorama of the Alamo Plaza and surroundings as it might have appeared in 1836. The point of view is on the cannon platform in the southwest corner of the compound.
This is the position of the Alamo’s largest cannon, the 18-pounder which was fired in defiance of Santa Anna’s demand to surrender. This location is next to the Low Barrack which served as the main gate. You can see part of an outer fortification around the entrance Looking to the southeast, there are a row of cottonwood trees along the avenue known as The Alameda. This is Commerce Street today.
The Plaza de Valero is to the south. Now the site of the gazebo and Menger Hotel, in 1836, it was occupied by small jacales and a few stone houses. After the Mexican army took advantage of these structures for cover in an early skirmish, the Texians burned the closest jacales to the ground.
Continue panning to the right to see the acequia that ran along the outside of the west wall. This ditch was made by the Mexican army during its occupation the previous year replacing one that ran inside the compound. The town of San Antonio de Bexar is across the river and can be easily recognized by the San Fernando church. Its bell tower is flying the red flag indicating that no quarter should be given to the Texians. A careful observer can also spot the footbridge over the river to the southwest as well as the back of the Veramendi house.
Inside the compound, along the west wall, a partially filled ditch marks the remains of the old acequia. Looking north, you can see the blacksmith shop with outside forge and the thatched-roof Treviño house. Pan to the right to see the north wall cannon platforms, north row houses, granary and convento (or Long Barrack). You can just see the church of the Alamo above the thatched-roof kitchen.
This render involved the completion of the details in the blacksmith/forge, improved thatch texture and extensive “landscaping.” The memory requirements for the scene made it necessary to render using the CPU. The 6000 x 3000 pixel render took 4 hours to complete.
August 15, 2017
One of the earliest acequias in San Antonio was known as the Concepción or Pajalache Acequia. Built in the early 1700s, it served the fields south of San Antonio de Bexar and the Mission Concepción. The acequia was reputed to be as wide as 20 feet and could be navigated for maintenance by a small boat. The source of the acequia was a reservoir on the San Antonio river formed by a stone dam near the present-day Briscoe museum and Presa (Dam) Street.
This animation shows what the dam might have looked like in 1836. My main reference was photos of the Espada Dam south of San Antonio.
This was perhaps my most complex project to date and took about 8 weeks to complete. Much of the time was spent exploring different workflows to create the waterfall effect.
Blender can simulate water but not at this scale and does not easily produce whitewater (spray, foam and bubbles). I modeled the dam and basic ground in blender and imported to Houdini which has a complete set of water simulation tools. After learning how to use the tools an get something satisfactory, I explored ways of importing the simulation back into Blender for rendering. I was able to get a pretty good result for the basic water but not the whitewater. I ended up rendering the falls and lower water flow in Houdini and compositing with the rest of the scene from Blender. The Houdini render at a resolution of 640 x 360 took about 5 hours.
I spent about two weeks in Blender working out the other elements of the scene: deciding on the composition, modeling the dam and acequia gate, and adding the foliage. The ripples in the reservoir were made by animating a displacement texture in Blender.
I used Photoshop to create a mask for compositing and Houdini to bring all of the elements together.
June 16, 2017
Colonel Ygnacio de LaBastida, Commander of the Engineers of the Army of the North in 1836, made a map of the area around San Antonio de Bexar and the Alamo compound. The map prominently featured two ponds just to the east of the walls of the convento courtyard and adjacent to the Alamo acequia (a probable source of the water in the field). This image depicts a view of the back of the Alamo across one of these ponds. The vantage point corresponds to a location approximately at the northeastern corner of the present day Alamo grounds.
For this render, I improved the textures on the rear of the Alamo church and convento and continued to experiment with terrain modeling and flora.
June 28, 2016
A short animation featuring my improved facade on my Alamo model.
June 21, 2016
Alamo Facade (see Gallery for full size)
Seven years ago I posted a video of my first Alamo 3D model on YouTube. Since then, I have been gradually improving my technical abilities and tools to create a more photo-realistic result.
The render above, represents my latest work: reworking the Alamo church facade. For comparison, here is a render of my model in 2009.
Here is a summary of the improvements:
- Using a physically accurate render engine with global illumination (Blender Cycles) produces realistic lighting.
- The lighting source is from an HDRI image (Hyperfocal Design). This is another important contribution to realistic lighting and background.
- Color grading. The rendered result was corrected to improve color balance.
- More geometry. The new model has a higher level of detail. For example the spirals in the pillars.
- Higher texel density. The size of the textures is sufficient for a sharp image of objects that are 1-2 meters from the camera. Also, the texel density is more uniform across objects in the scene.
- Bump and normal map textures add detail without increased geometry. For example, the decorations on the doorway.
- Physically based material workflow. Materials were created using Allegorithmic Substance Designer and Painter.
- Hand generated textures. The stonework textures were created by hand using a workflow involving Photoshop, Inkscape and Substance Painter. This allowed the addition of realistic weather, dirt and damage effects.
Not visible in this render are the other improvements like the complete modeling of Bexar and more realistic landscape around the San Antonio River.
April 24, 2016
Animation of a soldado walking in front of the San Fernando church in the Main Plaza of San Antonio de Bexar.
Continuing my study of animation, this render is an improvement of the previous try. The feet make good contact with the ground thanks to a feature of MakeWalk. I fixed some problems with the skinning of the model to the rig and I used the Blender compositor to reduce the render time by only rendering the foreground for the full sequence.
January 13, 2016
Here is a view of the Alamo compound from the roof of the Veramendi house. More work on the vegetation and rocks around the river is needed.
And now a short animation: